Articles | Volume 11, issue 1
Research article
15 May 2018
Research article |  | 15 May 2018

Algorithms for optimization of branching gravity-driven water networks

Ian Dardani and Gerard F. Jones

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Cited articles

Alperovits, E., and Shamir, U.: Design of optimal water distribution systems, Water Resour. Res., 13, 885–900,, 1977. 
Arnalich, S.: How to design a Gravity Flow Water System, Arnalich – Water and Habitat, 2010. 
Bhave, P. R.: Optimization of Gravity-Fed Water Distribution Networks: Theory, J. Environ. Eng.-ASCE, 109, 189–205, 1983. 
Bhave, P. R.: Non-computer optimization of single source networks, J. Environ. Eng.-ASCE, 104, 799–814, 1978. 
Bhave, P. R.: Optimal design of water distribution networks, Alpha Science International Ltd., Pangbourne, UK, 2003. 
Short summary
This work is an outgrowth of engineering service learning at Villanova University in Pennsylvania, USA. Teams of students assess and collect data on site, and design and communicate information for clean water networks that benefit developing areas around the world. The design of a water network requires the selection of pipe diameters that satisfy pressure and flow requirements while minimizing cost. This work contrasts and compares results of several models and makes key recommendations.