Articles | Volume 13, issue 2
Drink. Water Eng. Sci., 13, 51–57, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/dwes-13-51-2020
Drink. Water Eng. Sci., 13, 51–57, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/dwes-13-51-2020

Research article 28 Oct 2020

Research article | 28 Oct 2020

Preparation of thin-film composite membranes supported with electrospun nanofibers for desalination by forward osmosis

Mustafa Al-Furaiji et al.

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Cited articles

Al-Furaiji, M., Benes, N., Nijmeijer, A., and McCutcheon, J. R.: Use of a Forward Osmosis–Membrane Distillation Integrated Process in the Treatment of High-Salinity Oily Wastewater, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 58, 956–962, https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.8b04875, 2019. 
Al-Furaiji, M. H. O., Arena, J. T., Chowdhury, M., Benes, N., Nijmeijer, A., and McCutcheon, J. R.: Use of forward osmosis in treatment of hyper-saline water, Desalin. Water Treat., 133, 1–9, https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2018.22851, 2018. 
Ang, W. L., Wahab Mohammad, A., Johnson, D., and Hilal, N.: Forward osmosis research trends in desalination and wastewater treatment: A review of research trends over the past decade, J. Water Process Eng., 31, 100886, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2019.100886, 2019. 
Bui, N. N. and McCutcheon, J. R.: Hydrophilic nanofibers as new supports for thin film composite membranes for engineered osmosis, Environ. Sci. Technol., 47, 1761–1769, https://doi.org/10.1021/es304215g, 2013. 
Cath, T. Y., Adams, D., and Childress, A. E.: Membrane contactor processes for wastewater reclamation in space: II. Combined direct osmosis, osmotic distillation, and membrane distillation for treatment of metabolic wastewater, J. Memb. Sci., 257, 111–119, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2004.07.039, 2005.  
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Short summary
One of the crucial aspects of developing a forward osmosis (FO) process is making a suitable membrane. In this work, an FO membrane was synthesized by making a polyamide selective layer on an electrospun nanofiber support layer. The prepared thin-film composite (TFC) membrane showed good performance in terms of water flux and salt rejection compared to the commercially available membranes. Also, it showed other good properties, namely porosity, hydrophilicity, and mechanical strength.