Articles | Volume 12, issue 2
Review article
01 Oct 2019
Review article |  | 01 Oct 2019

Water reclamation for industrial use in sub-Saharan Africa – a critical review

Noor Jehan Gulamussen, André Marques Arsénio, Nelson Pedro Matsinhe, and Louis Cornelis Rietveld

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Cited articles

ACPC: Climate Change and Water in Africa: Challenges, Opportunities and Recommendations, available at: (last access: 20 July 2019), 2013. 
Adewumi, J. R., Ilemobade, A. A., and Van Zyl, J. E.: Treated wastewater reuse in South Africa: Overview, potential and challenges, Resour. Conserv. Recy., 55, 221–231,, 2010. 
Almeida, G., Vieira, J., Marques, A. S., Kiperstok, A., and Cardoso, A.: Estimating the potential water reuse based on fuzzy reasoning, J. Environ. Manage., 128, 882–892,, 2013. 
AMCOW: 2012 Status Report on the Application of Integrated Approaches to Water Resources Management in Africa, edited by: McMulen, C., available at: (last access: 20 July 2019), 2012. 
Anderson, J.: The environmental benefits of water recycling and reuse, Water Sci. Tech.-W. Sup., 3, 1–10, 2003. 
Short summary
This review paper aims to give an overview of the global trends on water reclamation with a focus on industrial use and to derive lessons for implementation of water reclamation projects in sub-Saharan Africa. It shows that consolidated experience exists about technology and management practices that allows successful implementation of water reclamation projects in the region and contributes to enhancing the understanding of the use of reclaimed water in industry.