Articles | Volume 10, issue 2
Research article
14 Sep 2017
Research article |  | 14 Sep 2017

Identifying (subsurface) anthropogenic heat sources that influence temperature in the drinking water distribution system

Claudia M. Agudelo-Vera, Mirjam Blokker, Henk de Kater, and Rob Lafort

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Cited articles

Agudelo-Vera, C.: Hotspots in het leidingnet, BTO 2017.023, KWR, Nieuwegein, the Netherlands, 2017.
Agudelo-Vera, C., Blokker, M., van der Wielen, P., Raterman, B., and Dorland, E.: Drinking water temperature in future urban areas, BTO report; BTO 2015.012, KWR, Nieuwegein, 2015a.
Agudelo-Vera, C. M., Blokker, E. J. M., and Pieterse-Quirijns, E. J.: Early warning system to forecast maximum temperature in drinking water distribution systems, J. Water Supply Res. T., 64, 496–503,, 2015b.
Benz, S. A., Bayer, P., Menberg, K., Jung, S., and Blum, P.: Spatial resolution of anthropogenic heat fluxes into urban aquifers, Sci. Total Environ., 524–525, 427–439,, 2015.
Berthier, E., Dupont, S., Mestayer, P. G., and Andrieu, H.: Comparison of two evapotranspiration schemes on a sub-urban site, J. Hydrol., 328, 635–646, 2006.
Short summary
Water temperature in the drinking water distribution system (DWDS) and at the customers' taps approaches the surrounding soil temperature at 1 m in depth. In the Netherlands drinking water is distributed without additional residual disinfectant and drinking water temperature at the customers' tap should not exceed 25 ºC. Some urban infrastructures are heat sources and generate hot-spots. This article describes a method to find anthropogenic heat sources that influence temperature in the DWDS.