Articles | Volume 10, issue 2
Research article
07 Aug 2017
Research article |  | 07 Aug 2017

Online total organic carbon (TOC) monitoring for water and wastewater treatment plants processes and operations optimization

Céline Assmann, Amanda Scott, and Dondra Biller


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Status: closed
Status: closed
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Short summary
TOC (total organics carbon) analysis, as a laboratory and online technology, offers new perspectives to organic measurements in waters and waste water, supplementing regulatory oxygen demand tests. TOC monitoring, implemented as a tool to make informative and rapid treatment decisions, becomes a useful process control parameter. This paper discusses the various technologies available and details how three municipal plants gained insights into their processes and saved on their spending with TOC.