Articles | Volume 9, issue 1
Review article
14 Apr 2016
Review article |  | 14 Apr 2016

Household water treatment and safe storage – effectiveness and economics

Stefanie M. L. Stubbé, Alida Pelgrim-Adams, Gabor L. Szántó, and Doris van Halem

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Cited articles

Acra, A., Jurdi, M., Mu'allem, H., Karahagopian, Y., and Raffoul, Z.: Water disinfection by solar radiation: assessment and application, International Development Research Centre, 1990.
Ahammed, M. M. and Davra, K.: Performance evaluation of biosand filter modified with iron oxide-coated sand for household treatment of drinking water, Desalination, 276, 287–293, 2001.
Akvopediam: UV treatment/ Solar disinfection. Retrieved 26th November, 2014, available at: (last access: 5 April 2016), 2013.
Akvopedia: Ceramic Candle filter, available at:, last access: 26 November 2014a.
Akvopedia: Ceramic pot filter, available at:, last access: 7 March 2014b.
Short summary
Household Water Treatment and safe Storage (HWTS) systems aim to provide safe drinking water in an affordable manner. The effectiveness of these systems to remove pathogens is crucial for the health of its users. Different researches report wide ranges of effectiveness for each of the three selected systems: SODIS, ceramic and biosand filters. The resources available for the prices of HWTS also report wide ranges. In the data available no relation was observed between price and effectiveness.