Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/dwes-2020-32
https://doi.org/10.5194/dwes-2020-32

  15 Oct 2020

15 Oct 2020

Status: this preprint has been withdrawn by the authors.

Domestic water consumption pattern by urban households

Amarasingam Narmilan1, Narmilan Puvanitha2, Gnanachelvam Niroash1, Muthucumaran Sugirtharan3, and Ratnarajah Vasssanthini1 Amarasingam Narmilan et al.
  • 1Department of Biosystems Technology, Faculty of Technology, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka
  • 2Department of Agriculture, Hardy, Sri Lanka Institute of Advanced Technological Education
  • 3Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Eastern University, Sri Lanka

Abstract. Water has been recognized as one of the most significant natural resources and crucial for health and wealth. The increased demand for water has imposed pressure on the water supply system, which has led to environmental problems such as over-exploitation of water resources and breaks in the balance of the ecosystem. Determining the behavior of domestic water consumers can facilitate a more proactive approach to water demand management, and serves as the foundation for the development of any intervention strategies that seek to bring about sustained and substantial reductions in domestic water consumption. This study tried to investigate household water consumption patterns and management practices along with comparing the effectiveness of different water management measures on reducing the water deficit of the district. The primary data was collected through a questionnaire survey from 75 households belonging to the urban area in Batticaloa District in Manmunai Pattu, Sri Lanka. The data were analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. The findings show that people with higher incomes in urban areas are using more water than people with lower incomes. The water usage depends on the living standards, family size, age, and education level of household members and the number of taps present in the household. It is believed that the results of the study would be beneficial for domestic water consumption in urban Batticaloa.

This preprint has been withdrawn.

Amarasingam Narmilan et al.

Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

Amarasingam Narmilan et al.

Amarasingam Narmilan et al.

Viewed

Total article views: 343 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
259 72 12 343 19 20
  • HTML: 259
  • PDF: 72
  • XML: 12
  • Total: 343
  • BibTeX: 19
  • EndNote: 20
Views and downloads (calculated since 15 Oct 2020)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 15 Oct 2020)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 260 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 257 with geography defined and 3 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 20 Sep 2021
Download

This preprint has been withdrawn.

Short summary
Determining the behavior of domestic water consumers can facilitate a more proactive approach to water demand management. The findings show that people with higher incomes in urban areas are using more water than people with lower incomes. The water usage depends on the living standards, family size, age, and education. Results showed that the total domestic water consumption is negatively correlated with education level.