Articles | Volume 7, issue 1
Drink. Water Eng. Sci., 7, 41–52, 2014
Drink. Water Eng. Sci., 7, 41–52, 2014

Research article 03 Jun 2014

Research article | 03 Jun 2014

Immobilized photocatalyst on stainless steel woven meshes assuring efficient light distribution in a solar reactor

A. S. El-Kalliny1,2,3, S. F. Ahmed1, L. C. Rietveld2, and P. W. Appel1 A. S. El-Kalliny et al.
  • 1Product and Process Engineering, ChemE, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 136, 2628 BL Delft, the Netherlands
  • 2Sanitary Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Stevinweg 1, 2628 CN Delft, the Netherlands
  • 3Department of Water Pollution Research, National Research Centre, Dokki, 12622 Giza, Egypt

Abstract. An immobilized TiO2 photocatalyst with a high specific surface area was prepared on stainless steel woven meshes in order to be used packed in layers for water purification. Immobilization of such a complex shape needs a special coating technique. For this purpose, dip coating and electrophoretic deposition (EPD) techniques were used. The EPD technique gave the TiO2 coating films a better homogeneity and adhesion, fewer cracks, and a higher ·OH formation than the dip coating technique. The woven mesh structure packed in layers guaranteed an efficient light-penetration in water treatment reactor. A simple equation model was used to describe the distribution of light through the mesh layers in the presence of absorbing medium (e.g., colored water with humic acids). Maximum three or four coated meshes were enough to harvest the solar UV light from 300 nm to 400 nm with a high penetration efficiency. The separation distance between the mesh layers played an important role in the efficiency of solar light penetration through the coated mesh layers, especially in case of colored water contaminated with high concentrations of humic acid.