Articles | Volume 5, issue 1
17 Aug 2012
 | 17 Aug 2012

Modelling water quality in drinking water distribution networks from real-time direction data

S. Nazarovs, S. Dejus, and T. Juhna

Abstract. Modelling of contamination spread and location of a contamination source in a water distribution network is an important task. There are several simulation tools developed, however the significant part of them is based on hydraulic models that need node demands as input data that sometimes may result in false negative results and put users at risk. The paper considers applicability of a real-time flow direction data based model for contaminant transport in a distribution network of a city and evaluates the optimal number of flow direction sensors. Simulation data suggest that the model is applicable for the distribution network of the city of Riga and that the optimal number of sensors in this case is around 200.