Articles | Volume 12, issue 1
Research article
19 Jun 2019
Research article |  | 19 Jun 2019

Evaluation of human risks of surface water and groundwater contaminated with Cd and Pb in the southern El-Minya Governorate, Egypt

Salman A. Salman, Ahmed A. Asmoay, Amr El-Gohary, and Hassan Sabet

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Cited articles

Abdalla, F. A., Ahmed, A. A., and Omer, A. A.: Degradation of groundwater quality of quaternary aquifer at Qena, Egypt, J. Environ. Studies, 1, 19–32, 2009. 
APHA: Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 19th edn., American Public Health Association, Washington, D. C., 1467 pp., 1995. 
Asmoay, A. S. A.: Hydrogeochemical Studies on the Water Resources and Soil Characteristics in the Western Bank of the River Nile between Abu Qurqas and Dayr Mawas, El Minya Governorate, Egypt, Ph.D. thesis, Fac. Sci., Al-Azhar University, Egypt, 2017. 
ATSDR: Toxicological profile for Cadmium, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Georgia, 430 pp., 1997. 
Bruce, S. G., Zarema, A., and Igor, M. G.: Analysis of Lead toxicity in human cells, BMC Genomics, 13, 344,, 2012. 
Short summary
Fifty-five samples of water were investigated, and the results revealed that cadmium and lead contents exceeded the allowable level for drinking water. Also, they pose a health risk to residents.