Articles | Volume 10, issue 1
Drink. Water Eng. Sci., 10, 27–32, 2017

Special issue: Computing and Control for the Water Industry, CCWI 2016

Drink. Water Eng. Sci., 10, 27–32, 2017

Research article 16 May 2017

Research article | 16 May 2017

CFD simulations to optimize the blade design of water wheels

Emanuele Quaranta and Roberto Revelli

Related subject area

Applications: Water reuse and recycling
Shower heat exchanger: reuse of energy from heated drinking water for CO2 reduction
Z. Deng, S. Mol, and J. P. van der Hoek
Drink. Water Eng. Sci., 9, 1–8,,, 2016
Short summary

Cited articles

Akinyemi, O. S. and Liu, Y.: CFD modeling and simulation of a hydropower system in generating clean electricity from water flow, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering, 6, 357–366,, 2015.
Bozhinova, S., Kisliakov, D., Müller, G., Hecht, V., and Schneider, S.: Hydropower converters with head differences below 2.5 m, Proceedings of the ICE-Energy, 166, 107–119, 2013.
Bresse, M.: Hydraulic Motors, New York, J. Wiley and Sons, 1869.
Fairbairn, W.: Treatise on Mills and Millwork, Longman Green & Roberts, London, 1864.
Kallis, G. and David B.: The EU water framework directive: measures and implications, Water policy, 3.2, 125–142, 2001.
Short summary
Breastshot water wheels are hydropower converters that efficiently work at low head sites (lower than 4 m) and at low discharges (1.2 cubic meters per meter width maximum). Water wheels represent an attractive solution for decentralized energy production. The aim of this work is to improve the performance of an existing water wheel by changing the blade shape using numerical simulations. An optimal profile was determined, and general recommendations for the blade design are reported.